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Diet Based on Individuality or Constitution

Ayurveda insists on using a lifestyle and diet together. If this is done then the results are balanced and rapid.

Each person has a different need of nutrients and a different capacity to absorb and assimilate those nutrients. A healthy food for one person can be a disease-causing factor for another. In order to use the Ayurvedic system we need to look at food and food classifications differently than we are used to in the biochemical nutritional model. The Ayurvedic view of food is based on our Agni and how well we can digest the food and access the nutrients inside.

First, we can begin to view foods not as separate categories per se. Instead we can shift our point of view to seeing food according to the person who is going to eat it. This requires a paradigm shift in the way we normally look at food. The prime difference is looking at food according to the metabolism (Dosha and Agni) of the person rather than according to the nutrient content in the food or broad food groups.

Instead of saying, “Eat an apple a day because it has vitamin X”, the new viewpoint is, “What shall I eat today to keep my Doshas in balance.” This is an individualistic approach that requires the person to have a minimum understanding and responsibility for their own health.

It should be clearly understood that people using Ayurvedic nutrition are doing so because they want to take control over their life, health and empowerment. Ayurveda is a patient friendly system that encourages participation. Only you are capable of restoring your own health because it is you who is lifting your hand to your mouth and putting in the basic supply of health (food) into your body. No one is force feeding you food.

Eat According to Your Metabolic Capacity

An effort has been made to distinguish between very aggravating and mildly aggravating foods as per constitution. This also applies to the opposite situation of very beneficial and mildly beneficial foods. In both cases an attempt has been made to show the variegated qualities of food in relation to an individual. The headings, Best, Medium, Mixed, Sometimes, Rarely and Worst have been chosen to give an indication of food actions on any given constitutional type. For the mathematical minded I have also included a percentage indication to show the percentage of use that is beneficial for any given type. This would mean that a food in the ‘Best’ column could be used 100% of the time by the person corresponding to the chart. By the same token a person choosing a food in the ‘Rarely’ column would use the food only 20% percent of the time.

The following chart will clarify the percentage idea. However, I have adjusted the number of times per week to correspond to the amount needed to aggravate a person. Hence, 20% is 1-2 times per week instead of four as eating a lemon four times a week is enough to aggravate a Pitta type, but not 1 or 2 times. The following chart can give you an idea as to the amount needed to disturb you. Note that almost no food is listed as 100% because it is possible to overeat or consume any food to the point of aggravation. Also note that almost no food is listed as ‘Worst’ or 0% because in most cases eating a food once per week will not aggravate your constitution. Therefore, we see that the majority of foods fall into a general use area for all of the constitutions.

100%21 times in the week

80%16-18times in the week

60%8-10 times in the week

40%3-4 times in the week

20%1-2 times in the week

0%0 times in the week

It should be pointed out that a variety of foods need to be eaten in a week’s time. If you eat a certain kind of food every day, day in and day out, it will have greater power to disturb you and cause disruption in your metabolism. It is far better to eat a variety of foods during the week.

The Pitta/Kapha type of person will tend to have a strong regular digestion. Often these people are able to eat and digest huge amounts of food. If they stay physically active they will keep their weight stable. Unfortunately, if these people do not remain very active physically they will gain weight rather quickly. Their diet is in-between a pure Pitta and pure Kapha type with less pungent, acidic food than a pure Kapha, and less food in general than a pure Pitta. This type needs to be careful with oily, heavy foods; favor a Kapha diet from September 21st to March 20th and favor a Pitta diet from the 21st of March to the 20th of September (Northern Hemisphere).

In the table below a summery is given on the effects of food groups on the Pitta Kapha type of person. This is a general guide to show how groups of foods affect these people. The foods are grouped according to their general action on the metabolism of the Pitta Kapha type and judge nutritional value accordingly.

Summary of Pitta Kapha Type Food Groups

TYPE OF FOOD Effect of food on constitution
Percentage 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
Best Medium Mixed Some-

times

Rarely Worst
Fruits X
Vegetables X
Grains X
Beans X
Nuts & Seeds X
Dairy X
Oils X
Animal Products X
Sweeteners X
Spices (mild) X
Beverages X
Vitamins & Minerals X

Dual or mixed types should be put together. Generally dual types will tend to have some of both types and not have any clear-cut distinction between the two. The traditional way Ayurveda worked with these types was to have them change the kinds of foods they eat according to the seasonal changes in year.

Quality of food should be made a priority: organic, local, and seasonal when possible. All mixed or dual types should use a seasonal diet as per Dosha to keep the Doshas balanced.

Pitta / Kapha diet

Pitta Kapha types have to make sure not to overeat, not to indulge in desserts and they can eat breakfast. Kapha types tend to have a slower metabolism (Munda Agni) and Pitta types have a strong digestion (Tikshna) so they have to pay close attention to the quantity of food and the consumption of carbohydrates, especially fats, to prevent gaining weight. To balance out the oily, cold, heavy, hot, light and penetrating qualities (Gunas) of Pitta Kapha prioritize warm, light, mildly sharp qualities in meals. The strong to low agni is very regular so allowing enough time to digest between meals is very important. Pitta Kapha types should prioritize bitter and neutral tastes and minimize astringent, pungent, sour and salty tastes. A mixed type should eat roughly have the year a diet for Pitta and half the year for Kapha with some blending of the diets.

 

Short Outline of Dinacharya for Pitta Kapha Prakriti

  • Wake up early in the day, before sunrise when possible
  • Go to the toilet and remove waste (stool, urine, etc.)
  • Drink 300ml of warm water
  • Start cooking Ginger tea (see recipe {link page})
  • Clean or scrape the tongue, then gargle with Sesame oil (Gandusa)
  • Do Jala Neti if needed (nasal wash)
  • Add one drop of ghee to each nostril
  • Do Abhyanga every third day or two times per week (Sesame oil all over the body, or a Kapha Massage Oil)
  • Do Yoga Asana or exercise for 20 to 30 minutes, end with 5 minutes of Nadishodhana (alternate nostril breathing)
  • Meditate 10 to 15 minutes
  • Take a hot shower or bath to remove oil from Abhyanga
  • Get dressed
  • Finish making Ginger tea, put in thermos to drink the whole day
  • Eat a medium Breakfast with fresh fruits
  • Go to work
  • Eat a medium Lunch; if tried or sleepy after eating the quantity was too much
  • Take a short walk to digest and relax
  • Go to work
  • Exercise now if unable to exercise in the morning
  • Eat a medium Dinner
  • Relax
  • Go to bed by 10 pm and sleep by 11 pm

Pitta Kapha Prakriti needs three meals a day. Breakfast, lunch and dinner should be roughly the same size from medium to fairly large. Pitta Kapha types need more food than the other types due to the strong Agni (digestion) and larger bodies. They need to eat every five or six hours. Skipping meals should be avoided. Snacking should be avoided between meals. It is better to eat substantial meals and avoid snacking. This type should follow a Kapha diet in fall and winter and a Pitta diet in the spring and summer.